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August 17, 2007

Spanish Programs That I can Listen to in My Car

Following is a communication between me and a website visitor, regarding programs that is suitable for commuters driving cars.

Visitor John: I am looking for a Spanish language program that I can listen to in my car. Do your programs work for this or do you know of some other that will?

ESDICT Answer:

Regarding your situation, I think Comprehensive Pimsleur Spanish is the best program.

There are three levels for this program. Each level has 15 learning hours (or 30 lessons), either in CD or Cassette format. There are no textbooks accompanying this program.

Check them out here:
Pimsleur Spanish I
Pimsleur Spanish II
Pimsleur Spanish III

These comprehensive programs are costing roughly $220 for each level. You can also try the first 8 lessons for Level I first (to see if it fits your need and see if you can follow):
Pimsleur Quick & Simple Spanish

Besides Pimsleur Spanish, you might also try Learning Spanish Like Crazy. This program is quite similar to the Pimsleur Program. They have a download version for less then $100. This is a nice option if you know how to burn CDs from mp3 files.
Learning Spanish Like Crazy Level I
Learning Spanish Like Crazy Level II

Posted by lubw00 at 06:53 PM | Comments (0)

February 21, 2007

Spanish nouns that change meaning according to gender

Following are a few nouns that change meaning altogether according to their gender. Study and memorize this chart:


Masculine nouns

Feminine nouns

el capital

capital (money)

la capital

capital (city)

el coma


la coma


el corte


la corte


el cura


la cura


el orden

order (sequence, arrangement)

la orden

order (command, religious order)

el papa


la papa


el policía

police officer

la policía

police department

PDF download: Spanish nouns that change meaning according to gender

Posted by lubw00 at 08:00 PM | Comments (0)

February 10, 2007

Days of the Week in Spanish

Following are the days of the week in Spanish.

            lunes            Monday
            martes         Tuesday
            miércoles     Wednesday
            jueves          Thursday
            viernes         Friday
            sábado        Saturday
            domingo      Sunday

 Following are some observations and rules:


PDF download: Days of the Week in Spanish


Posted by lubw00 at 06:36 AM | Comments (0)

February 03, 2007

Masculine vs Feminine Spanish Nouns II

Following are more rules that might help you determine the gender of some nouns:

  1. Nouns ending in -dad, -tad, -tud, -umbre, -ción and -sión are generally feminine:
    la ciudad (city)
    la universidad (university)

    la libertad
    la dificultad (difficulty)

    la actitud
    la gratitud (gratitude)

    la certidumbre
    la muchedumbre (crowd)

    la nación
    la construcción (construction)

    la televisión
    la decisión (decision)
  2. Masculine nouns that end in a consonant often have a corresponding feminine form that ends in -a:
    el profesor - la profesora (teacher)
    el doctor - la doctora (doctor)
    el señor - la señora (Mr, Mrs)
  3. Four of the nouns ending in -a are masculine and must be memorized.
    el día   (day)
    el mapa   (map)
    el planeta   (planet)
    el sofá  (sofa)
  4. A few nouns ending in -o are feminine.
    la mano (hand)
    la radio (radio)

PDF download: Masculine vs Feminine Spanish Nouns II

Posted by lubw00 at 01:57 AM | Comments (0)

January 31, 2007

Contraction of de el

Del is the contraction of "de el", meaning "of the; from the". Following are some useful rules.

  1. When de is followed by el, the two words are combined into del:
    la capital del país      (the capital of the country)
    la oficina del director    (the office of the director)
  2. De la, de las, de los, de él are never combined into one word:
    el puerto principal de la república (the principal port of the republic)
    el país de las pampas
    la capital de los Estados Unidos (the capital of the United States)
    el libro de él (his book)
  3. When de is followed by a proper name there is no contraction:
    Tengo el libro de Felipe. (I have a book of Felipe.)


PDF download: Contraction of de el

Posted by lubw00 at 05:55 AM | Comments (0)

January 26, 2007

Plural forms of Spanish nouns

Following are the rules for plural Spanish nouns.

  1. Nouns ending in a vowel form their plural by adding -s:
    el alumno         los alumnos        (student)
    el presidente    los presidentes   (president)
    el amigo           los amigos         (friend)
    la muchacha     las muchachas   (girl, maid)
  2. Nouns ending in a consonant form their plural by adding -es:
    el papel          los papeles     (paper)
    el doctor        los doctores   (doctor)
    la flor             las flores        (flower)
  3. Nouns having a written accent on the last syllable lose the written accent in the plural:
    la nación             las naciónes    (nation)
    la composicion    las composiciones (composition)
  4. Nouns ending in -z in the singular change z to c before adding -es in the plural:
    el lápiz                los lápices  (pencil)


PDF download: Plural forms of Spanish nouns

Posted by lubw00 at 05:28 AM | Comments (0)

January 23, 2007

Masculine vs Feminine Spanish Nouns

All nouns in Spanish are either masculine or feminine.

The definite article (the) is el before a masculine singular noun (or los before a masculine plural noun) and la before a feminine singular noun (or las before a feminine plural noun).

Following are some common  rules:

  1. Nouns referring to male beings are masculine; nouns referring to female beings are feminine.
  2. Nouns ending in -o are generally masculine: el libro (the book).
  3. Nouns ending in -a are generally feminine: la pluma (the feather).
  4. The gender of a noun not ending in -o or -a must be learned and remembered individually:
    el lápiz (pencil), la clase (class)

The following are more rules that might help you determine the gender of some nouns:

  1. Nouns ending in -d and -ión are generally feminine:
    La ciudad es grande. (The city is large.)
    La pared es grande. (The wall is large.)
    La nación es importante. (The nation is important.)
    La construcción es importante. (The construction is important.)
  2. A few nouns ending in -ma, -pa are masculine:
    El programa es interesante. (The program is interesting.)
    El mapa es grande. (The map is large.)
    El problema es facil. (The problem is easy.)
  3. Nouns ending in -ista may be masculine or feminine.
    el turista, la turista   (the tourist)
    el artista, la artista   (the artist)


PDF download: Masculine vs Feminine Spanish Nouns

Posted by lubw00 at 03:52 AM | Comments (0)

January 22, 2007

Spanish words meaning YOU

Spanish has several words meaning you.

The formal ones are:
usted (singular)
ustedes (plural)
Usted and ustedes are used when speaking to strangers or to someone in a high position.

The more common ones are:
vosotros (plural)
Tú and vosotros are used by relatives and intimate friends or in speaking to children.

Important notes: In Latin America, the informal plural, vosotros, is seldom used, even when talking with family members, so ustedes is used in plural cases. In Spain, vosotros is generally used as the plural of .

PDF download: Spanish words meaning YOU

Posted by lubw00 at 06:56 AM | Comments (0)